- Topline-data from first half of treatment period (one year)
- Very good feasibility of the manufacture of the vaccine from patient-derived cells
- Excellent safety and tolerability profile
- Preliminary data on overall survival and progression-free survival
- Presentation of further details planned at an upcoming scientific conference
Martinsried/Munich - Medigene AG (FWB: MDG1, Prime Standard, SDAX) publishes interim clinical results from its ongoing company-sponsored Phase I/II clinical trial of a dendritic cell (DC) vaccine in 20 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The primary objectives of the study are the safety and feasibility of this active immunotherapy with the patient-derived DCs produced according to Medigene's proprietary technology.
The topline data released today is from a period of one year of vaccination of all patients and represents an interim dataset after half of the treatment period.
A total of 20 subjects (median age 59, range 24 to 73) with AML (risk groups good, intermediate, poor: 13, 5, 2), in morphologic complete remission (CR) or complete remission with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi) after induction or consolidation therapy, not eligible for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, were enrolled into this safety and feasibility Phase I/II trial, vaccinated and followed up for 12 months. Subjects in this trial had AML that was positive for Wilms Tumor-1 (WT-1) antigen with or without positivity for Preferentially Expressed Antigen in Melanoma (PRAME). Vaccination with dendritic cells, presenting the antigens WT-1 and PRAME, was carried out monthly, with a higher frequency within the first 6 weeks. AML diagnoses had been established with a median of 9.8 months before the first vaccination (range 4.5 to 17.5 months), and the last chemotherapy infusion had been performed at a median of 6.9 months (range 2 to 14.8 months).
The vaccinations were well tolerated with no serious adverse events (SAEs) related to the treatment. The most common adverse events (AEs) were injection site related, accounting for 35% of all AEs and mild in nature (Grade 1). The feasibility of the manufacture of the dendritic cell vaccine in these chemotherapy-pretreated subjects was already presented earlier this year (abstract AACR). Link to poster: https://www.medigene.de/fileadmin/download/abstracts/180414_AACR_2018_Poster_DC_vaccine_Medigene.pdf
After a 12-months treatment period, the overall survival was 89% (18 of 20 patients, 95% confidence interval: 61 to 97%) and the progression free survival was 60% (12 of 20 patients, 95% confidence interval: 36 to 78%). Most relapses, 5 out of 8, occurred within the first 80 days after the start of the vaccination, out of which the 2 deaths were in patients with relapses on days 45 and 64, which could point to a starting relapse upon entering the study.
The completion of the ongoing trial is scheduled for the end of 2019 following a two-year treatment period.
Dr. Yngvar Floisand, Head Physician of the Department of Hematology at the Oslo University Hospital and Principal Investigator of the trial, comments: "The interim results after one year of treatment demonstrate an excellent safety profile and a very good manufacturability of Medigene's personalized DC vaccines. The initial data on the efficacy of the therapy point in the right direction, but we have to complete the two-year trial period for a conclusive evaluation."
Dr. Kai Pinkernell, CMO and CDO of Medigene AG, comments: "We are pleased about these first encouraging interim results from our ongoing safety and feasibility trial with our DC vaccine. AML is a serious disease with poor long-term prognosis and we are committed to developing new treatment options for those patients in urgent need.
Medigene intends to present the detailed data from the interim analysis at a scientific conference in the near future.
About acute myeloid leukaemia (AML): Acute myeloid leukaemia is a malignant disease of the hematopoietic system, affecting mainly adults above 60 years of age. In Germany, about 3,600 cases are registered annually.
AML is caused by uncontrolled growth of dysfunctional hematopoietic precursor cells in the bone marrow. These cells prevent the generation of normal blood cells, causing a decrease in erythrocytes and platelets, for example. Typical symptoms of AML include anemia, fever, increased risk of infection, and bleeding. AML progresses rapidly and may be fatal within a few weeks or months, if untreated.
AML treatment is often started with intensive chemotherapy, followed by consolidation with or without allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Unfortunately, a significant proportion of patients suffer a relapse of the original disease. Depending on the biologic risk profile of the disease, age and co-morbidity the long-term survival is highly variable.
About Medigene's DC vaccines: In addition to Medigene’s development focus on T cell-receptor modified T cells (TCR-Ts), the Company has developed a new generation of antigen-tailored dendritic cell (DC) vaccines.
Dendritic cells (DC) can take up antigens, process them and present peptides on their surface in a form that can induce antigen-specific T cells to mature and proliferate. In this way, T cells recognize and eliminate tumor cells which bear the same antigen peptide on their surface. Dendritic cells can also induce natural killer cells (NK cells) to attack tumor cells. The scientific team of Medigene has developed new, fast and efficient methods for generating autologous (patient-specific) mature dendritic cells which have the relevant characteristics to generate very strong T cell and NK cell immune responses. The dendritic cells can be loaded with various tumor antigens to treat different forms of cancer. Since an immune response builds up over the total time of administration of the DC vaccine, this form of therapy is particularly designed for patients who suffer from a tumor disease which has been reduced to such an extent by chemotherapy that the prevention of the recurrence of the tumor disease is the main goal.
Medigene AG (FSE: MDG1, ISIN DE000A1X3W00, Prime Standard, SDAX) is a publicly listed biotechnology company headquartered in Martinsried near Munich, Germany. The company is developing highly innovative immunotherapies to target various forms and stages of cancer. Medigene concentrates on the development of personalized T cell-based therapies with the focus on T cell-receptor modified T cells (TCR-Ts) and has associated projects currently in pre-clinical and clinical development.
For more information, please visit http://medigene.com
Julia Hofmann, Dr. Robert Mayer
Tel.: +49 - 89 - 20 00 33 - 33 01